Tomatoes are nutrient-rich and wholesome. They are technically a fruit, ideally suited as an ingredient for curries, sauces, soups, and pasta. Although tomatoes supply numerous well being advantages, consuming them in extra can result in some unwanted side effects. One of the frequent causes of tomato unwanted side effects is lycopene overdose, which might have an effect on people who find themselves in any other case completely wholesome.
Lycopene is a dietary carotenoid current in tomato and tomato-based merchandise. Several issues consider whether or not lycopene in tomato merchandise may have protecting or useful well being results. One cup of contemporary cherry tomatoes has 3834 micrograms of Lycopene, which is loads. Hence, it’s simple to have a lycopene overdose. As a end result, going overboard in consuming tomatoes can set off detrimental unwanted side effects on well being.
Lycopene: An Overview
Lycopene is a naturally occurring chemical present in brightly colored vegetables and fruit. According to current research, vegetables and fruit like tomatoes, watermelon, papaya, crimson bell pepper, and grapefruit include this chemical in abundance. Lycopene is a carotenoid, a category of phytonutrients that embody crimson, yellow, or fat-soluble pigments, which imparts the color to the vegetables and fruit. Carotenoids supply many well being advantages that assist stop ailments. However, of all of the greens and fruits that we eat virtually every single day, tomatoes and its merchandise have the very best lycopene, which is an space of concern.
Tomato merchandise like tomato juice, ketchup, and pizza sauce present the very best lycopene in a median weight loss program. Lycopene is useful as a meals colouring and is allowed for utilization within the United States, Australia, New Zealand, and the European Union. Besides dietary sources, lycopene is current in sure dietary supplements or multi-ingredient formulation. Therefore, it’s normally a component of each particular person’s weight loss program. Although it gives many well being advantages, its extreme consumption or lycopene overdose will be hazardous.
Foods Containing Lycopene
Besides tomatoes and tomato merchandise which can be vital sources of lycopene, different lycopene-rich meals and their lycopene content material of 100 grams are:
- Guava: 5.2 mg
- Watermelon: 4.5 mg
- Papaya: 1.8 mg
- Pink grapefruit: 1.1 mg
- Cooked candy crimson peppers: 0.5 mg
- Persimmon: 0.159 mg
Lycopene Overdose: The Most Significant Side Effect of Overeating Tomatoes
Tomatoes improve your meals’s flavour and make your pores and skin clean and smooth. Tomatoes are a staple meals throughout the globe. However, some folks go overboard with tomato consumption, whether or not for the flavour or the well being benefits. Food-based or tomato derived lycopene is usually risk-free. But, like another meals, extra consumption of meals wealthy in lycopene can result in an overdose. Since tomatoes have the very best lycopene, the probabilities of lycopene overdose are greater. In addition, supplemented lycopene has vital drawbacks, particularly when taken in massive doses. Most folks do not know that doing so can have vital well being penalties.
Some unwanted side effects of lycopene overdose can have power results on the physique. For instance, extreme lycopene because of tomato consumption may cause diarrhoea, nausea, abdomen cramps, fuel, and even vomiting. So, if you happen to eat many tomato merchandise, attempt slicing again on them to see if you happen to discover a distinction. However, in some circumstances, the unwanted side effects are as a result of acidic nature of tomatoes reasonably than lycopene, inflicting abdomen irritation. Furthermore, abdomen ulcers can worsen from tomato-based meals. Also, these taking remedy for low blood strain mustn’t take lycopene, because it may trigger decrease blood strain.
Other Side Effects of Overeating Tomatoes and Lycopene
Tomatoes are acidic, giving them a bitter style. As a end result, consuming an excessive amount of of them in massive numbers would possibly end in heartburn and acid reflux disorder. In addition, tomatoes are wealthy in solanine, a form of alkaloid. Solanine is accountable for calcium accumulation within the tissues, which results in irritation. It is a major facet impact that accompanies lycopene overdose. Other unwanted side effects of overeating tomatoes are:
Tomatoes embody malic and citric acids, which make your abdomen too acidic. Due to the event of totally different gastric acids within the abdomen, consuming too many tomatoes may cause heartburn or acid reflux disorder. Therefore, individuals who generally expertise abdomen misery or have GERD (gastroesophageal reflux illness) signs ought to restrict their tomato consumption.
2. Skin Discolorations
As unusual as it might sound, consuming too many tomatoes would possibly hurt your pores and skin by inflicting Lycopenodermia, a situation wherein excessive lycopene ranges within the blood trigger pores and skin discolouration and a uninteresting look. According to specialists, a every day lycopene consumption of 75mg is taken into account secure.
Histamine, a substance present in tomatoes, may cause allergic signs equivalent to coughing, sneezing, pores and skin rashes, and throat irritation shortly after consuming. As a end result, if you’re allergic to it, keep away from consuming it. Meanwhile, tomatoes can even trigger allergic contact dermatitis. The pores and skin turns into itchy and swollen simply by touching the fruit case if you’re allergic.
4. Joint Pain
Solanine, an alkaloid present in tomatoes, is accountable for joint swelling and ache. Tomatoes can even trigger joint irritation by rising the chance of calcium build-up within the tissues. Therefore, cut back your tomato consumption if you happen to at present undergo from joint ache.
5. Kidney Stones
Some chemical compounds in tomatoes are advanced for digestive fluids to interrupt down. As a end result, calcium and oxalate can construct up within the physique, forming kidney stones.
6. Pregnancy-Related Issues
Supplemented lycopene consumption with dietary lycopene throughout being pregnant might be not secure. Some girls eat extra tomatoes, believing that lycopene can cut back the chance of preeclampsia. However, one examine concludes that lycopene doesn’t lower the incidence of preeclampsia in high-risk girls. Instead, it results in an elevated threat of untimely deliveries. Unfortunately, there isn’t sufficient analysis on this topic. However, it’s ideally suited for many pregnant girls to keep away from lycopene.
Lycopene: Is there a every day advice?
Besides dietary consumption of lycopene from fruits like tomatoes, some folks additionally take it as a complement. A examine states that lycopene consumption vary from tomatoes varies tremendously relying upon the inhabitants. For instance, the common every day lycopene consumption is 4.9 mg/day within the Netherlands and 1.6 mg/day in Spain. However, there may be at present no really helpful every day consumption for lycopene.
Getting at the least 10 milligrams of lycopene per day seems useful. Some studies recommend that really helpful lycopene doses typically vary from 2 to 30 mg per day for six months. You can get a day’s price of lycopene from pink grapefruit, which has about 1 to 2 milligrams per serving.
Health Benefits of Lycopene
While getting lycopene by means of your meals is the best strategy to get it, one must be sure you’re consuming sufficient lycopene-rich vegetables and fruit to get the advantages. It has a number of advantages to supply. For instance, lycopene helps many organic actions. Besides the meals business, medication and cosmetics use lycopene sources. Here are some of the frequent advantages of lycopene.
1. Strong Antioxidant
According to many analysis experiments, lycopene is a pure antioxidant. Antioxidants assist to guard your physique from the dangerous results of free radicals. It can defend DNA, proteins, and lipids. When free radical ranges exceed, oxidative stress happens within the organism. Certain power ailments, together with most cancers, diabetes, coronary heart illness, and Alzheimer’s, are linked to emphasize. In addition, lycopene can neutralise some reactive parts like hydrogen peroxide and nitrogen dioxide.
2. Protects Against Cancer
Although current research have discovered hyperlinks between lycopene and most cancers safety, the topic requires extra analysis. Lycopene’s antioxidant profile could help in slowing most cancers development and enhance the manufacturing of enzymes within the physique that assist break down cancer-causing chemical compounds. However, the position of lycopene in most cancers prevention requires extra concrete proof. But epidemiological survey implies that lycopene protects people from prostate and colorectal cancers. In addition, by inhibiting the insulin-like development issue 1 receptor (IGF-1R) pathway, lycopene has been recognized as a necessary molecule for inhibiting breast most cancers cell proliferation.
3. Improves Heart Health
Cardiovascular problems at the moment are one of the commonest causes of dying and morbidity. According to analysis revealed within the National Journal of Biotechnology, lycopene can decrease LDL (unhealthy) ldl cholesterol whereas rising HDL (good) levels of cholesterol. Some specialists additionally imagine that having extra lycopene in a single’s tissues can decrease the chance of coronary heart assault, blocked or clogged arteries, low blood strain, and different cardiovascular problems. Lycopene additionally helps in decreasing irritation with the assistance of RBCs and macrophages.
4. Improves Skin Health
Apart from most cancers prevention, a examine exhibits that dietary carotenoids like lycopene assist defend pores and skin from sunburn. It may even supply life-long safety in opposition to dangerous UV radiation. In addition, you’ll be able to enhance the well being of the pores and skin’s collagen and forestall the formation of some high-quality wrinkles. Lycopene is useful to all pores and skin varieties, however it’s useful to delicate and aged pores and skin.
Furthermore, tomatoes are astringent and might help reduce the looks of massive pores. In addition, the antioxidant nature reduces redness and irritation brought on by the physique’s inflammatory course of. According to a number of research, those that ate tomato paste every day had as much as 40% much less ultraviolet (UV) pores and skin harm from sunshine than those that didn’t.
5. Other Benefits
Lycopene can help in stopping strokes, significantly these brought on by blood clots. Researchers imagine it’s because lycopene lowers levels of cholesterol whereas additionally decreasing irritation, two traits that may result in a stroke. Along with being cardioprotective, it’s also a neuroprotective agent. Lycopene’s useful results on neurodegenerative sicknesses, equivalent to Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s, have been confirmed in earlier research.
Other Potential Hazards
Lycopene will increase the chance of bleeding because of drug interactions. For instance, it would work together with aspirin, blood thinners, ibuprofen, naproxen, and antiplatelet medicines. Lycopene can even result in abdomen issues starting from diarrhoea to at the same time as frequent as vomiting.
“Too much of anything is bad,” as our elders ceaselessly say, and tomatoes will be detrimental to your well being if consumed in extra. Excessive consumption of tomatoes may cause numerous well being issues, together with digestive points, kidney issues, and even physique aches.
Many folks eat lycopene capsules, that are broadly obtainable worldwide. However, these can result in well being points. Consult a nutritionist if you wish to know what number of tomatoes it is best to eat per day. It’s additionally important to find out whether or not you’re illiberal to tomatoes or lycopene. Also, lycopene interacts with many cancer-fighting medicine and the antibiotics ciprofloxacin and olestra. So, seek the advice of your healthcare skilled if you’re on these medicines.
The Bottom Line
Many research have contributed to the end result that lycopene is secure and beneficial in some ways. However, because of insufficient information and analysis, one can not soar to conclusions and ignore the potential hazards of its overdose. Hence, it’s clever to contact your respective healthcare supplier to verify whether or not lycopene dietary supplements are appropriate or not. You must also be properly conscious of all of the potential hazards it possesses and its advantages.
While dietary supplements have many advantages, you shouldn’t overlook the dangerous results. For instance, lycopene-containing merchandise are useful for pores and skin well being, most cancers, and blood strain. But, extreme consumption of the identical is deadly. Furthermore, if not utilised accurately, it could actually induce inside unwanted side effects. As a end result, at all times search medical recommendation earlier than utilizing it.
Frequently Asked Questions ( FAQs)
Q. What occurs you probably have Lycopene Overdose?
A. It can result in a situation known as lycopenemia (pores and skin discolouration), or it could actually vary to totally different anomalies starting from abdomen ache to kidney stones. It is subjective and might fluctuate because of many unexpected causes. Mainly it causes acidity, allergy symptoms, drug interactions, and joint ache.
Q. How a lot Lycopene is secure?
A. There aren’t any really helpful doses for the Lycopene, however on common, 8 to 10 mg of Lycopene is taken into account useful. In addition, to accumulate the well being advantages of Lycopene, consuming at the least 5 servings of deeply colored crimson or pink vegetables and fruit every day is useful.
Q. Is Lycopene dangerous to Kidneys?
A. Eating reasonable quantities of Lycopene shouldn’t be dangerous to the kidney. Optimum ranges of Lycopene can decrease oxidative stress and irritation within the kidney. There is not any indication whether or not lycopene has prompted any toxicity in kidneys. However, some studies say that lycopene-rich tomatoes include oxalates, that are accountable for the formation of kidney stones.
Q. Can consuming too many tomatoes trigger issues?
A. Eating too many tomatoes may result in massive quantities of Lycopene build up in your system. Although Lycopene isn’t dangerous and is usually secure, extreme consumption can finally trigger pores and skin discolouration, digestive troubles, physique aches, and acid reflux disorder.
Q. What does Lycopene do for the physique?
A. Lycopene is a strong antioxidant with quite a few well being advantages equivalent to solar safety, enhanced coronary heart well being, and a decreased threat of sure malignancies. Though it’s obtainable as a complement, lycopene-rich meals like tomatoes and different crimson or pink fruits could also be the best strategy to get it. Therefore it’s useful to the physique.
Q. Is Lycopene good to your prostate?
A. Lycopene has a chemoprotective impact in opposition to prostate most cancers. Lycopene successfully inhibits the expansion of regular human prostate epithelial cells. As a end result, Lycopene exhibits a preventive and constructive position in stopping prostate most cancers. For prostate most cancers prevention, consuming 6 mg/day is useful.
Q. Can Lycopene whiten pores and skin?
A. For solar harm, extra pigmentation, or melasma, Lycopene is nice as a result of of its mild lightning properties. In addition, Lycopene prevents the breakdown of collagen, one of the causes of wrinkles). Tomatoes enhance face whitening since they include a excessive stage of antioxidants and vitamin C, a pure bleaching agent.
Q. Can Lycopene trigger constipation?
A. For some folks, consuming 30mg (or extra) of lycopene may trigger diarrhoea, indigestion, and bloating. However, constipation is uncommon.
Q. Can Lycopene decrease blood strain?
A. Lycopene is a cardioprotective compound. It protects the guts by reasonably decreasing blood strain. Therefore, Lycopene Supplementation would possibly considerably cut back systolic blood strain. But it isn’t ample for diastolic blood strain in prehypertensive or hypertensive sufferers.
Q. Do strawberries have Lycopene?
A. Lycopene is an excellent crimson carotenoid hydrocarbon present in tomatoes and greens equivalent to crimson carrots, watermelons, grapefruits, and papayas (from the neo-Latin Lycopersicum, the tomato species). Strawberries and cherries don’t include it.